This report presents a summary of the findings, conclusions and recommendations from the Summative Evaluation of the OF. Findings from the evaluation’s multiple lines of evidence support the previous evaluation findings that the program has positive impacts on the employment and income levels of participants following program participation. Also, there continues to be a demonstrated need for the type of programming offered by OF for persons with disabilities and the program reflects both GC and Departmental policy directions and priority areas.The evidence collected for the evaluation can be found in more detail in technical reports which have been made available to program management. This document consists of the following three sections:
Section 1 provides a description of the OF program and the scope of the evaluation.
Section 2 presents the main findings regarding Relevance, Design and Delivery and Performance (Effectiveness, Efficiency and Economy).
Section 3 summarizes the main conclusions and recommendations.
Staying Ahead of the Curve is AARP’s Multicultural Work and Career Study. These studies – performed in 2002, 2007, and 2013 – provide an in-depth look at workers ages 45-74: their reasons for working, perceived job security, differential treatment received because of age, their ideal work scenario, the challenges they face, their plans for retirement, and more. The study also includes an in-depth look at African Americans and Hispanics. The full report and fact sheets are now available.
The 2013 survey was fielded in November 2012 and December 2012 with a national sample of 1502 adults ages 45-74 who were working full-time, part-time, self-employed, or looking for work. Oversamples were also collected in order to yield a total of 402 African Americans and 410 Hispanics.
The purpose of this rapid scoping review is to identify the most promising policies, programs and employment practices which include people with physical disabilities in the workforce. The findings from this report are presented as 11 key implications that are organized into categories according to three target audience: (1) vocational rehabilitation and employment service providers; (2) employers and (3) businesses leaders and policy decision makers.
This article describes what it means to feel poor from the perspective of low-income lone mothers. The construct of feeling poor is complex and multifaceted for these mothers, whose common behaviors include self-sacrifice and coping. The authors identify 10 feeling domains for these mothers: feeling deprived, righteous, the need for occupational choice, relatively better positioned than others, the need to manage the appearance of poverty, judged/degraded, guilty, isolated, dependent, and despondent.
Like other liberal-welfare states, Canada, in a climate of balanced budgets and deficit reduction, has been active in developing policies intended to move welfare recipients into employment in order to achieve self- sufficiency. The purpose of this paper is to employ a critical feminist analysis to examine the extent to which these policies, developed under the ideological umbrella of neo-liberalism, are gender sensitive. Literature on the economic and non-economic impacts of welfare-to-work policies is re-viewed to evaluate whether these initiatives, while mandating lone-mothers into employment, recognize the gendered nature of work, employment and poverty. Gaps in current research are identified and questions are posed about the implications of welfare-to-work on the citizenship entitlements of low-income lone mothers.
This is a review of Canadian best practices supporting the participation of persons with disabilities in the labour market. The objective of the research is to identify and analyze domestic best practices in programs, approaches or initiatives that support the participation of people with disabilities in the labour market. A related aim is to show how they can overcome barriers to labour market participation, thereby allowing governments to draw lessons from effective and successful employment programs for people with disabilities and develop policy options to optimize labour market outcomes for this group.
The current emphasis in European welfare states on ‘activation’ increases the relevance of insight into social assistance dynamics and work–welfare/welfare–work transitions. This article reports on a study that explored the employment, unemployment and social assistance careers of a large group of people who managed to become independent from social assistance by finding a job. Using the databases of social security agencies in the Dutch city of Rotterdam, it investigates the sustainability of social assistance independence and labour market inclusion, and identifies groups that are more or less likely to be confronted with spells of renewed social assistance dependency or unemployment.
This paper examines the experiences of Indo-Canadian and Greek women employed in the lower echelons of the Canadian labour force, the majority of whom are unable to communicate fluently in English. The paper begins with a phenomenological description of the circumstances surrounding the lives of women, and proceeds to locate women’s experiences within the broader social structure. It is argued that the problems experienced by immigrant women should be understood not only in terms of their “cultural” differences, but also in the context of the larger social organization and ideological structures which generate particular types of experiences.
This article examines the relationship between gender, forms of employment and dimensions of precarious employment inCanada, using data from the Labour Force Survey and the General Social Survey. Full-time permanent wage work decreased for both women and men between 1989 and 2001, but women remain more likely to be employed in part-time and temporary wage work as
compared to men. Layering forms of wage work with indicators of regulatory protection, control and income results in a continuum
with full-time permanent employees as the least precarious followed by full-time temporary, part-time permanent and then
part-time temporary employees as the most precarious. The continuum is gendered through both inequalities between full-time permanent women and men and convergence in precariousness among part-time and temporary women and men. These findings reflect a feminization of employment norms characterized by both continuity and change in the social relations of gender.