This literature review examined the knowledge base around social assistance and workplace training programs happening in Saskatchewan and as compared to the rest of Canada. While the provincial government claims that the welfare to work programs are leading to a decrease in the dependence on social assistance, the report argues that it does not necessarily represent the lived experiences of those attempting to transition from welfare to waged work, and suggests that this transition is much more difficult than was perhaps originally thought. The report explored policy changes around economic status and the quality of life for individuals living in the identified areas, and was interested not only in the impact but also in the development of more effective government and community support to increase the sustainability and quality of life for people living on social assistance.