General Career Shift: Summary Report of Key Findings

The intention of this 3 year study was to investigate whether successive generations of Canadians (i.e., Matures, Baby Boomers, Generation Xers, and Millennials) have had significantly different career expectations, experiences, attitudes, and outcomes as they have moved through their careers. In other words, we wanted to see whether careers have “shifted” fundamentally over the past 5 decades, as many authors argue they have. In order to study this phenomenon, we conducted our project in two phases. In the first phase, we conducted phone interviews with 111 individuals from across Canada. During the interview we asked participants to share their career stories with us and answer questions about their career expectations, priorities, and experiences. These interviews allowed us to explore, in great detail, the career patterns and decisions of individuals from various industries and generations. … Phase two was administered to a sample of 3,007 respondents. Through the help of a research panel, we were able to ensure that out sample was geographically representative of Canada’s population. This large-scale survey was the basis for the analysis confuted within this report, and allowed us to compare the four generations on a number of research variables, including career identification, work values, locus of control, job and organizational changes and demographic variables.