Gender Effects in Mentoring Relationships

This study examined mentoring relationships engaged in by managerial and professional women. Data were collected from 280 female business graduates of a single university using questionnaires. The experiences of women having female and male mentors were compared. In addition, the effects of same-sex and cross-sex mentoring were investigated. Women with male and female mentors generally reported similar experiences. Women with female mentors reported a trend toward receiving more psychosocial support functions, and had significantly greater intention to quit their organizations. They also had younger mentors closer to their own organization levels. Hierarchical regression analysis indicated that mentors gender had no effects on levels of mentor functions received and only modest effects on work outcomes.

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Location: Canada

Groups: General Population
Keywords: Mentorship RelationshipCareer DevelopmentGender NormsGender RoleMentorship RelationshipWomen