“Purpose ñ To expand the literature and enhance understanding of the mentoring process, this research proposes the social exchange theory (SET) as a framework for the exchanges that take place between individuals in a mentoring relationship.

Design/methodology/approach ñ A detailed literature review for mentoring and Fiskeís social
exchange theory propositions, as well as work by Hofstede on power distance, gender, and diversity studies, provide a new approach to mentoring research.

Findings ñ The four relational structures (communal sharing, authority ranking, equality matching and market pricing) developed by Fiske and the effects of diversity are integrated with the existing mentoring literature to create a new model explaining the effects exchange type and diversity have on the perceived amount of support given and received during the maturation process of the mentoring relationship.

Research limitations/implications ñ This paper extends an under-researched area of mentoring
with discussion and suggests areas for future research. Specifically, the study focuses on
operationalizing and testing the proposed, expanded mentoring model in both qualitative and
quantitative research for confirmation and further theory building.

Originality/value ñ By integrating mentoring and Fiskeís social exchange theories to provide an
alternative explanation for the mentoring process, this paper proposes a number of new possible relationships that will require quantitative, confirmatory research but should add significantly to this area of study. Propositions for further testing are provided as well as suggestions for operationalizing and testing the model.”