Canada, along with developed nations throughout the world, has adopted the Madrid International Plan of Action on Aging which recognizes that older people have important contributions to make socially, culturally, economically and politically. The plan is basedon the idea that older people should be able to work as long as they are able to be productive. It also emphasizes the need to build awareness of the benefits of maximizing the use of the knowledge and skills of older workers. In 2007, the Conference Board of Canada published a report entitled Ontario’s Looming Labour Shortage Challenges: Projections of Labour Shortages in Ontario and Possible Strategies to Engage Unused and Underutilized Human Resources. The report projects a “dramatic shift” in the age structure of Ontario’s population from 2006-2030. The population of those aged 65 and over was highlighted in particular as a segment that would grow significantly during this period. Estimated at 12.9 percent of the province’s population in 2006, it is projected to comprise about 20.6 percent of the population by 2030. This shift, the report said, is mostly due to the aging of the post-war Baby Boomer population.
Cultural competence is “a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency, or among professionals and enables effective work in cross-cultural situations.”1 Cultural competence is an essential and ethical obligation for all evaluators. Applying a critical cultural lens to evaluation will ensure that efforts have cultural relevance and will generate meaningful findings that stakeholders ultimately will value and use. This Program Evaluation Tip Sheet contains tips and guiding questions aligned with the six steps of CDC’s Framework for Program Evaluation in Public Health.2
This tool kit was prepared exclusively for the Ministry of Children and Youth Services by Ruby Lam and Bernice Cipparrone, Diversity Specialists. While the Ministry has attempted to verify the accuracy of the information contained in this tool kit, users should not rely solely on this information to make decisions regarding children and youth in residential care. The content of the tool kit is provided by the Ministry of Children and Youth Services for informational purposes only and should not be taken as advice or recommendations for any particular decision regarding a child or youth in residential care. Use of the tool kit is voluntary. There are web sites linked to and from this tool kit that are operated or created by or for organizations outside of the Government of Ontario. Those organizations are solely responsible for the operation and information (including the right to display such information) found on their respective web sites. These linked web sites may or may not be available in French. The linking to or from this site does not imply on the part of the Government of Ontario any endorsement or guarantee of any of the organizations or information (including the right to display such information) found on their respective web sites. The Government of Ontario does not assume and is not responsible for any liability whatsoever for the linking of any of these linked web sites, the operation or content (including the right to display such information) of any of the linked web sites, nor for any of the information, interpretation, comments or opinions expressed in any of the linked web sites. Any comments or inquiries regarding the linked web sites are to be directed to the particular organization for whom the particular web site is being operated.