Research Paper

The Effects of Active Labor Market Policies for Immigrants Receiving Social Assistance in Denmark

This paper begins a discussion on the labour market attachment of Immigrants who are receiving social assistance in Denmark. The work examines active labor market programs (ALMPs) and compares them to the length of employment for non-western Immigrants in Denmark who are receiving social assistance. The focus on social assistance is due to the policy implications on social assistance programming, where non-western Immigrants are overly represented in the population receiving social assistance. The paper examines the ALMP design and effectiveness in engaging non-western Immigrants into the work force, and out of social assistance.

The Determinants of Older Canadians’ Labor Force Attachment

This paper explores issues pertaining to population aging, as it has been predicted to have significant effects on the advanced economies of the world. It suggests that policy changes will be necessary in order to maintain economic well-being in supporting a smaller proportion of working-age individuals who are, in turn, supporting a wider population of older individuals who need access to age-related services. The work uses the 2006 Canadian Census data to examine labour force attachment determinants for Canadians over the age of 50, and identifies four main outcomes for labour force attachment as labour force participation, employment status, full-time full-year status, and retirement status. It concludes by identifying the strongest key factors which, with proper support, may increase labour market attachment for older Canadians.