Literature Database

Internship opportunity Fall 2020

Internship opportunity Fall 2020

The Centre for Employment Innovation, St. FX Extension, is looking for one a post-secondary student (enrolled in post-secondary in the fall of 2020) who is interested in joining a dynamic and supportive team. Positions Available: There is one (1) CEI Initiatives...

Interventions to Improve the Labor Market Situation of Adults with Physical and/or Sensory Disabilities in Low and Middle-Income Countries

This report argues that disability is a development issue, related to poverty, inequality, and violation of human rights. It is known that a significant portion of the population lives with disabilities, and that these individuals are an untapped resource, underrepresented in the work force. It is suggested that, due to the underrepresentation of individuals living with disability in the workforce, there is an acute strain on individuals in low- and middle-income countries. The report examines some reviews that have been done to summarize the existing research in this area, the report also notes the limitations of the data presented in the literature base. It is suggested that a more systemic approach needs to be taken in order to understand the base of data already in place, and make sense of it in real world applications.

Can Cultural Competency Reduce Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities?

“This report focuses on the incomes of four different households living on social assistance,
commonly known as ìwelfare.î It is a continuation of the welfare incomes series published
regularly by the former National Council of Welfare. It examines the eligibility assessment for social assistance as well as any shortfalls between the policy and the lived implications of social assistance. “

Supporting Graduate Employability from Generalist Disciplines through Employer and Private Institution Collaboration

This report used data information from the 2013 survey of Graduate Careers Australia to create an understanding of graduate employability. It is reported that the current graduate employability rates are the lowest seen in twenty years. The degree programs which saw the least post-graduation employment were the humanities, computer science, life sciences, and visual/performing arts. The project was aimed at researching the reasoning for these unemployment rates, to identify successful strategies for changing the unemployment rates, to promote strategies that improve graduate outcomes, and to create opportunities for stakeholders to share their experiences and suggestions. The work then presents important findings as well as next steps to be taken to improve employability for recent graduates.

SickKids Cultural Competence Train-the-Trainer Workshop

This guide provides a manual for increasing Cultural Competency in Healthcare Services for clinicians. The website ( – navigate to Health Equity and Cultural Competence) offers a series of guides around cultural competency in the healthcare field, with the goal of providing healthcare practitioners to provide culturally competent care to Newcomers to Canada. Specifically referenced is the Train-the-Trainer Manual, whereby the guide outlines how to train an individual before they meet clinicians and then train the clinicians in cultural competency. The work is funded through Citizenship and Immigration Canada, and aims to help organizations who wish to implement cultural competence programming.

Sex Differences and Cross-Sex Effects On Mentoring: Some Preliminary Data

This journal article brings attention to the benefits that mentorship relationships can offer to mentors and mentees, as well as organizations, and examines the role that gender and sex dichotomies and stereotypes play in mentorship relationships. While many mentorship programs have been designed, both formal and informal, and across sectors, it is noted that not a lot of research has focused on the dynamics of a mentorship relationship which is cross-sex. The main finding of this work is that more psychosocial functions were taken on by mentorship relationships for women.

Summative Evaluation of Opportunities Fund for Persons with Disabilities

This report offers information on the effectiveness of the Opportunities Fund for Persons with Disabilities (OF). The funding is aimed at supporting individuals will little to no labour force attachment to gain skills, prepare, and then become attached and maintain a strong link to the labour market, or to become self-employed. There is a range of interventions available for interested applicants, as well as additional funding for organizations who wish to provide employer awareness activities for the employment of individuals living with disability. The evaluation aimed to support the relevance of the program, as well as it’s successfulness in combatting the unequal labour market outcomes for individuals with disabilities. Ultimately, the report is able to determine the success to date, but does offer some recommendations for a strengthening of the existing framework to better serve individuals seeking to access the support.

Staying Ahead of the Curve 2013: The AARP Work and Career Study

This journal article is part of a series of studies around older workers aged 45-74. The goal of this study was to address older worker’s needs and concerns in an uneasy job market. Through a series of surveys, the work is able to establish issues older workers face pertaining to the 40 hours work week, confidence in job searches, working through retirement, and many more important issues facing older workers.

State of Practice: Essential Skills Applications with First Nations, Inuit, and Métis in Canada

This literature review examined Canadian sources only to build a review around literacy, essential skills, educational outcomes, and employability and employment for First Nations, Inuit, and Métis youth and adults. It begins with an argument for Essential Skills and Literacy programs as directly needed for individuals from the identified populations, as well as examines historic and current barriers to education and employment for the identified groups. The work highlights the current challenges to programming and implementation, as well as identifies what has been shown to work for Employability skills programs development and delivery. It concludes by outlining what markers of excellence are found in successful First Nations, Inuit, and Métis Employability Skills Programs.